Sindarin Verbs - I HOPE this is correct.

Verb Roots:

n : to be
pen : to slant down
nal : to cry
cui : to live
dar : to halt
edr : to open
egler : to glorify
last : to listen
nor : to ride
ped : to speak
tir : to watch
dir : to gaze
mir : to sparkle
ech : to make
teith : to draw
on : to give
cheb : to keep
lin : to chant
dan : to take


Present Tenses = root + a

na : is
penna : slants down
nalla : cry
cuia : live
dara : halt
edra : open
eglara : glorify
lasta : listen
nora : ride
peda : speak
tir : watch
dira : gaze
mira : sparkle
echa : make
teitha : draw
ona : give
cheba : keep
lina : chant
dana : take

Past Tenses = root + ant

nant : was
penna : slanted down
nallant : cried
cuiant : lived
darant : halted
edrant : opened
eglerant : glorified
lastant : listened
norant : rode
pedant : spoke
tirant : watched
dirant : gazed
mirant : sparkled
echant : made
teithant : drew
onant : gave
chebant : kept
linant : chanted
darant : took

Future Tense = root + ath

nath : will be
pennath : will slant down
nallath : will cry
cuiath : will live
darrath : will halt
edrath : will open
eglerrath : will glorify
lastath : will listen
norrath : will ride
peddath : will speak
tirrath : will watch
dirrath : will gaze
mirrath : will sparkle
echath : will make
teithath : will draw
onnath : will give
chebbath : will keep

Imperative Tense = root + o*

no : be!
penno : slant down!
nallo : cry!
cuio : live!
daro : halt!
edro : open!
eglerio : glorify!
lasto : listen!
noro : ride!
pedo : speak!
tiro : watch!
diro : gaze!
miro : sparkle!
echo : make!
teitho : draw!
ono : to give!
chebo : keep!
lino : chant!
dano : take!

Parcipial Tense = root +iel

niel : being
penniel : slanting down
naliel : crying
cuiel : living
dariel : halting
edriel : opening
egleriel : glorifying
lastiel : listening
noriel : riding
pediel : speaking
tiriel : watching
diriel : gazing
miriel : sparkling
echiel : making
teithiel : drawing
oniel : giving
chebiel : keeping
liniel : chanting
daniel : take

Auxiliary = root + i

ni : have been
penni : have slanted down
nali : have cried
cui : have lived
dari : have halted
edri : have opened
egleri : have glorified
lasti : have listened
nori : have rode
pedi : have spoken
tiri : have watched
diri : have gazed
miri : have sparkled
echi : have made
teithi : have drawn
oni : have given
cheb : have kept
lini : have chanted
dani : have taken

To indicate that the pronoun I is the subject, a vowel and n are added as follows:

present tense= root +on
past tense= root + en
future tense=root +athon**
auxiliary=root +in

*To determine when to use the present tense and when to use imperative as they have the same definition, you must look at the rest of your sentence. Take the root edr(open) for example: If you are making a statement. Annon edra (The door is open), than, of course you would use the present tense. However, if you are ordering the door to open(Annon edro!), than you would use the imperative. Imperative verbs are often used by themselves and usually followed by an exclamation mark. For ex. see FOTR, page 403.

** In this format, if the verb has only one final consanant, it is doubled. Otherwise, proceed as normal


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